NCERT Solutions for Class 10 Social Science Contemporary India Chapter 1 – PDF Download
NCERT Solutions for Class 10 Social Science Contemporary India Chapter 1-Resources and Development provide a comprehensive overview of the role of resources in development and the importance of sustainable resource management.
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|Chapter Name||Resources and Development|
|Category||Class 10 Geography Notes|
Geography Social Science Chapter 1 : Resources and Development
1. Multiple choice questions.
(i) Which one of the following type of resource is iron ore?
Ans. Non- renewable.
(ii) Under which of the following type of resource tidal energy cannot be put?
Ans. (d) Non-recyclable.
(iii) Which one of the following is the main cause of land degradation in Punjab?
(a) Intensive cultivation
(c) Over irrigation
Ans. (c) Over irrigation.
(iv) In which one of the following states is terrace cultivation practised?
(b) Plains of Uttar Pradesh
(v) In which of the following states black soil is predominantly found?
(a) Jammu and Kashmir
Ans. (b) Maharashtra
2. Answer the following questions in about 30 words.
(i) Name three states having black soil and the crop which is mainly grown in it.
Ans. The three states having black soil are – Maharashtra, Madhya Pradesh and Chhattisgarh where black soil is found and cotton is the main crop grown in black soil.
(ii) What type of soil is found in the river deltas of the eastern coast? Give three main features of this type of soil.
Ans. Alluvial Soil is found in river deltas of the eastern coast. The three main features of this type of soil are:
- It is very fertile.
- It is rich in potash, phosphoric acid and lime.
- It has a high water retention (keeping) capacity
(iii) What steps can be taken to control soil erosion in the hilly areas?
Ans. Soil erosion can be controlled in the hilly areas by:
- Terrace farming
- Ploughing across contour-lines
- Growing strips of grass between the crops.
(iv) What are the biotic and abiotic resources? Give some examples.
Ans. Biotic Resources: The resources which are obtained from the biosphere and have life are called Biotic Resources. For example, plants, animals, human beings, etc.
Abiotic Resources: The resources which are composed of non-living things are called Abiotic Resources. For example, soil, air, water, metals, etc.
3. Answer the following questions in about 120 words.
(i) Explain land use pattern in India and why has the land under forest not increased much since 1960-61?
- In India, the land is primarily used for agriculture, grazing and other activities like housing, construction of roads and industries.
- Some part of it is covered with forests and deserts. The pattern of the net sown area varies from one state to another state depending upon the climate and soil types.
- For example, about 80 percent of the total area in Punjab and Haryana is used for cultivation while in Arunachal Pradesh, Mizoram, Manipur and Andaman Nicobar Islands, it is even less than 10 percent.
- The part of the land which is covered by forests in India is about 22%.
- The land under the forest has not increased since 1960–61 due to the increased use of land for agricultural activities, industrialisation and urbanisation.
- Increasing population and subsequent increase in demand for resources resulted in the degradation of forests.
- The land under forest has increased by only about 4% since 1960-61.
(ii) How have technical and economic development led to more consumption of resources?
Ans. The following factors are responsible for technical and economic development leading to increased consumption of resources:
- Technological development led to efficient machinery. As a result, production increased ultimately leading to the consumption of more resources.
- Economic development raised people’s demands and the technological advancement led to greater exploitation of resources to meet their demands.
- Improved medical and health resources led to increased population which in turn resulted in increased consumption of resources.
Resources and Development Summary
NCERT Solutions for Class 10 Social Science Contemporary India Chapter 1, “Resources and Development”:
- Resources are essential for the development of a country.
- There are three main types of resources: natural, human, and capital.
- Natural resources include things like water, minerals, and land..
- Human resources refer to a country’s population and their skills and education.
- Capital resources are man-made tools, machines, and infrastructure ,that are used to produce goods and services.
- Proper resource management and conservation are important for sustainable, development.
- Different countries have different approaches to resource development due to their unique histories, cultures, and natural endowments.
- It is important to use resources in a way that meets the needs of the present without compromising the ability of future generations to meet their own needs..
FAQ Geography Social Science Chapter 1 : Resources and Development
What is the main focus of Chapter 1 in the NCERT Solutions for Class 10 Geography?
Chapter 1 in the NCERT Solutions for Class 10 Geography focuses on the various types of resources that are used in the development of a country, including natural, human, and capital, resourcess.
What are the different types of resources discussed in Chapter 1?
The different types of resources discussed in Chapter 1 include natural resources, such as water and minerals, human resources, like a country’s population and their skills and education, and capital resources, which are man-made tools, machines, and infrastructure used to produce goods and services…
Why is proper resource management and conservation important for sustainable development?
Proper resource management and conservation are important for sustainable development because they ensure that resources are used in a way that meets the needs of the present without compromising the ability of future generations to meet their own needs.
How do different countries approach resource development?
Different countries approach resource development in different ways due to their unique histories, cultures, and natural endowments. Some -countries may prioritize -certain types of resources over others, or may have different approaches to resource management and conservation..
How can students use the NCERT Solutions to aid in their exam preparations?
Students can use the NCERT Solutions to aid in their exam preparations by reviewing the solutions to understand the key ,concepts and themes covered in the chapter, using the solutions to practice -answering questions in the same format as those found on the exam, paying attention to any notes or tips provided in the solutions, and referring to the solutions for clarification and guidance if they have any questions or difficulties while studying the chapter. more visits – https://ncert-solutions-class.org/
How do the NCERT Solutions compare to the textbook?
The NCERT Solutions provide detailed explanations and examples for the concepts covered in the textbook. They can be used to supplement the textbook and provide additional clarity and understanding of the material.
Are there any additional resources that students can use to supplement their study of Chapter 1?
In addition to using the NCERT Solutions and textbook, students may find it helpful to use additional resources suchas video lectures, online quizzes, or review sheets to supplement their study of Chapter 1. Students should also consider discussing the material with their classmates or teacher to further their understanding…