NCERT Book Solutions for Class 10 Geography Contemporary India – II Chapter 5 Minerals and Energy Resources
NCERT solutions for class 10 geography social science chapter 5 : Minerals and Energy Resources – provide detailed explanations and answers to the questions present in the NCERT textbook for class 10 geography.
CBSE | RBSE |UP board | MPBSE | HBSE | CGBSE | UBSE
|Chapter Name||Minerals and Energy Resources|
|Category||Class 10 Geography Notes|
Class 10 Geography Chapter 5 Solutions
1. Multiple choice questions.
(i) Which one of the following minerals are formed by the decomposition of rocks, leaving a residual mass of weathered material?
(c ) Gold
Ans. (b) Bauxite
(ii) Koderma, in Jharkhand, is the leading producer of which one of the following minerals?
(c) Iron Ore
Ans. (b) Mica
(iii) Minerals are deposited and accumulated in the strata of which of the following rocks?
(a) Sedimentary Rocks
(b) Metamorphic Rocks
(c) Igneous Rocks
(d) None of the above
Ans. (a) Sedimentary Rocks
(iv) Which one of the following minerals is contained in the Monazite sand?
Ans. (c) Thorium
Geography Class 10 Chapter 5 PDF
2. Answer the following questions in about 30 words.
(i) Distinguish between the following in not more than 30 words.
a. Ferrous and non-ferrous minerals.
b. Conventional and non-conventional sources of energy.
a. Difference between ferrous and non-ferrous minerals:
|Ferrous minerals||Non-ferrous minerals|
|Metallic minerals which contain iron are called ferrous minerals.|
For example – iron ore, manganese, nickel, cobalt, etc.
|Metallic minerals which do not contain iron are called non-ferrous minerals.|
For example – copper, bauxite, tin, etc.
b. Difference between conventional and non-conventional sources of energy:
|Conventional sources of energy||Non-conventional sources of energy|
|The sources of energy which are being used since the early times are considered as the conventional sources of energy.|
For example – firewood, cattle dung cake, coal, petroleum, natural gas, etc.
|The sources of energy which have been invented in recent times and are more efficient and comfortable are considered as the non-conventional sources of energy.|
For example – solar, wind, tidal, geothermal, biogas, nuclear energy, etc.
(ii) What is a mineral?
Ans. A mineral can be defined as a homogenous, naturally occurring substance with a definable internal structure. Minerals are found in varied forms in nature, ranging from the hardest diamond to the softest talc.
(iii) How are minerals formed in igneous and metamorphic rocks?
Ans. In igneous and metamorphic rocks, minerals may occur in the cracks, crevices, faults or joints. The smaller deposits are called veins and the larger ones are called lodes. When the minerals in liquid/ molten and gaseous forms are forced upward through cavities towards the earth’s surface, they cool down and solidify to form veins or lodes. Metallic minerals like tin, copper, zinc and lead are obtained from veins and lodes.
(iv) Why do we need to conserve mineral resources?
Ans. We need to conserve mineral resources as they are limited on the earth. It takes billions of years for them to be replenished in nature. Continued extraction of ores leads to increasing costs of extraction and a decrease in quality as well as quantity. It takes millions of years for the formation of minerals. Thus, as compared to the current rate of consumption, the rate of replenishment of minerals is very slow.
Class 10 Geography Chapter 5 Notes
3. Answer the following questions in about 120 words.
(i) Describe the distribution of coal in India
Ans. In India, major coal deposits are found on the eastern side of the country. Some of the main sites of coal are described below:
- In India, coal occurs in rock series of two main geological ages Gondwana (200 million years old) and tertiary (55 million years old).
- The major resources of Gondwana or metallurgical coal are located in the Damodar valley (West Bengal, Jharkhand), Jharia, Raniganj and Bokaro.
- The Godavari, Mahandi, Son and Wardha valleys also contain coal deposits.
- Tertiary coals occur in the north-eastern states of Meghalaya, Assam, Arunachal Pradesh and Nagaland.
(ii) Why do you think that solar energy has a bright future in India?
Ans. Solar energy is a renewable source of energy produced from the sunlight. It has a bright future in India due to the following reasons:
- India is a tropical country due to which it receives abundance of sunlight throughout the year.
- Solar plants can be easily established in rural and remote areas of the country.
- It will reduce the dependence of rural households on firewood and dung cakes which will ultimately reduce the pollutions and help to conserve the environment.
Class 10 Geography Chapter 5 Notes PDF
Minerals are naturally occurring, homogenous substances with a definable internal structure. They are found in varied forms in nature, ranging from the hardest diamond to the softest talc.
Minerals are usually found in ‘ores’, which are the accumulation of any mineral mixed with other elements. Minerals occur in various forms such as in igneous and metamorphic rocks, sedimentary rocks, as alluvial deposits, and in the ocean waters.
They can be classified into three types: metallic minerals, non-metallic minerals and energy minerals. Metallic minerals contain metals and are of three types: Ferrous minerals which contain iron, non-ferrous minerals which do not contain iron, and energy minerals.
Non-metallic minerals do not contain metal. Examples of metallic minerals include iron ore, manganese, copper and bauxite. Examples of non-metallic minerals include mica and limestone.
Witch topic cover in post
- Class 10 Geography Chapter 5 Solutions
- Geography Class 10 Chapter 5 PDF
- Class 10 Geography Chapter 5 Notes
- Class 10 Geography Chapter 5 Notes PDF
- Class 10 Geography Chapter 5 activity solution
- Class 10 Geography Chapter 5 exercise
- Minerals and energy resources Class 10 Notes
- What is mineral Class 10
FAQ ON NCERT Solutions For Class 10 Geography Chapter 5 Minerals and Energy Resources
What are NCERT Solutions for Class 10 Geography Chapter 5 Minerals and Energy Resources?
NCERT Solutions for Class 10 Geography Chapter 5 Minerals and Energy Resources provide detailed explanations and analysis of the chapter, which covers topics such as types of minerals, distribution of minerals in India, and various energy resources and their uses.
Why are NCERT Solutions important for students?
NCERT Solutions are important for students preparing for their Class 10 Board exams as well as competitive exams like the UPSC Civil Services Examination. They are in line with the latest NCERT syllabus and provide a comprehensive understanding of the chapter..
What are the different types of minerals discussed in Chapter 5?
The chapter discusses three types of minerals: Metallic Minerals, Non-Metallic Minerals and Energy Minerals.
Can you provide examples of metallic minerals discussed in the chapter?
Examples of metallic minerals discussed in the chapter include iron ore, manganese, copper and bauxite.
Can you provide examples of non-metallic minerals discussed in the chapter?
Examples of non-metallic minerals discussed in the chapter include mica and limestone.
Can you provide information on the distribution of minerals in India?
The chapter discusses the major iron ore belts in India, such as the Odisha-Jharkhand belt, Durg-Bastar-Chandrapur belt in Chhattisgarh and
Maharashtra, Bellary-Chitradurga-Chikmaglur-Tumkur belt in Karnataka and Maharashtra-Goa belt in Goa and Ratnagiri district of Maharashtra. It also mentions the leading producers of manganese ore, copper, bauxite, lead, zinc and gold..